The House of Staufen as clever benefactors
The House of Staufen, an upwardly mobile noble family, founded the monastery in 1102. This was in the midst of the Investiture Controversy, a struggle over whether the Emperor or the Pope held ultimate political authority. In the founding of Lorch Monastery, a delicate compromise was reached: With the right to elect its own abbot, the monastery's independence was assured. At the same time, the bailiwick, the secular authority over the monastery, remained in the hands of the House of Staufen and later those of their heirs and successors, the Württembergs.